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Aphex Twin

Artist Biography

Real Name: Richard D. James
Genre: Techno, IDM, Acid, Experimental, Ambient

Aliases: Blue Calx, Bradley Strider, Brian Tregaskin, Caustic Window, Dice Man, The, GAK, Karen Tregaskin, PBoD, Polygon Window, Power-Pill, Q-Chastic, Richard D. James, Smojphace, Soit-P.P., The Tuss

Variations: Aphex Twin, A-F-X Twin, A.F.X., AFX, The Aphex Twin, Aphex Twins

"Richard D. James is one of the most inventive musicians to have come out of Britain. Born in Limerick, Ireland, and raised in Truro, Cornwall, UK, to parents of Welsh decent, his music is always changing, always inventive, and liberally laced with his own brand of eccentric humor. Under a variety of stage names, (AFX, Caustic Window, Polygon Window, and Aphex Twin, to name the most known), he has transcended through the various permutations of pop-oriented electronic music, fused together elements of each, and given us an insight into inner worlds vast and beautiful. In 1997, he caused a controversy with his video "Come To Daddy," directed by Chris Cunningham, which featured his distorted visage grafted onto the faces of mad children running through a dilapidated housing project. This is the moment that people in the mainstream began to be aware of this musical phenomenon. He has gone on to become one of the only pop-oriented musicians to collaborate regularly with people from the Western classical world, such as Philip Glass and Gavin Bryars." (

"The general impetus towards "intelligent" dance-music yielded the grotesque phenomenon of electronic musician Richard James. The three EPs credited to AFX, starting with Analogue Bubblebath (1991, 1992 and 1993) contained harsh, abrasive dance-music, sometimes sounding like a disco version of Morton Subotnick's electronic poems (and they remained his most valuable musical statements). In the meantime, the catchy singles credited to Aphex Twin, Quoth (1993) and On (1993), were fusing techno and pop, aiming for the charts, and Polygon Window's Surfing On Sinewaves (1992) was traditional, throbbing techno music, aiming for dancefloor appeal. To further confuse his persona, Aphex Twin's Selected Ambient Works 1985-92 (1992) and Selected Ambient Works Volume II (1994) were experiments in ambient house and abstract electronic/concrete composition. They were childish and antiquated (and perhaps a joke on music critics), but they increased James' reputation, making him the first star of ambient house. I Care Because You Do (1995) cleaned up his act, offering atmospheric dance-music with occasional hints to his old virulent style."